What is a primary source?
A primary source is a report of a study or experiment by the people who set up and conducted the research or the experiment--academics, clinicians or other researchers. The authors' professional backgrounds or affiliations must be included with the article.
I. Descriptive Methods
A. Naturalistic observation
B. Individual case study
C. Surveys/ questionnaires/ interviews
D. Correlational studies (studying relationships; i.e. is x a predictor of y? -- Does not prove causation.)
II. Experimental Methods - "Scientific". Original Research. Determines cause and effect relationships
Adapted from: Professor Walsh. "Research Methods in Psychology." University of Northern Iowa (class handout). University of Northern Iowa. Web. Retreived 11 February 2013.
PsychArticles - From the American Psychological Association, this is--as the site describes itself--"a definitive source of full text, peer-reviewed scholarly and scientific articles in Psychology." The database covers approximately 80 journals. Click here for a tutorial.