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Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage: Articles

May is Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month

Queen Liliʻuokalani of Hawaii

Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii.

Hawaii was a victim of American Expansionism due to its strategic location as a U.S. Naval base and economic resources which came to be exploited by American businessmen. Under the guise of an "Annexation Club" the Americans overthrew Queen Liliuokalani and the new provisional government asked to be annexed to the United States.

President Grover Cleveland did not approve of the takeover and promised to restore her to her throne, but she refused to his condition that she forgive those who deposed her. Despite protests from its native people, Hawaii was annexed on July 7, 1898 when a new President, William McKinley, was elected to office.

Potter, Norris W., Lawrence M. Kasdon, and Ann Rayson. "Chapter 14: Queen Lili'uokalani, the Overthrow of the Monarchy, and Annexation (1887-1901)." History of the Hawaiian Kingdom (2003): 152-170. History Reference Center. Web. 25 Apr. 2011.

Schamel, Wynell and Charles E. Schamel. "The 1897 Petition Against the Annexation of Hawaii." The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2011

Stevenson, Keira. "Queen Liliuokalani." Queen Liliuokalani (2005): 1-2. History Reference Center. Web. 25 Apr. 2011.


The WCC Library subscribes to a wide range of databases. Below are a selected few that will be helpful for research in Asian American and Pacific Island history and culture.

Off-Campus Access

To access the databases from off-campus you will need to log in using your myWCC User ID and Password.